Total Knee Replacement Surgery (TKR) is a common orthopedic procedure performed on individuals with advanced knee arthritis or joint damage. In India, with an ageing population and an increase in lifestyle diseases, the demand for TKR is growing. However, despite its popularity, many people have questions and concerns about this procedure. In this blog, we will answer the top 10 most commonly asked questions about total knee replacement surgery in simple language for an Indian audience.
What is Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Total Knee Replacement Surgery (TKR) is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or arthritic knee joint is replaced with an artificial knee joint made of metal, plastic, or a combination of both. The artificial joint is designed to function and move like a natural knee joint and is anchored to the bone with special materials. The procedure is also known as Total Knee Arthroplasty.
Who is a Candidate for Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Individuals with advanced knee arthritis or joint damage who have not found relief from conservative treatments such as medication, physical therapy, and injections may be candidates for Total Knee Replacement Surgery. Candidates should have healthy bones and be in good overall health to undergo the procedure. However, the final decision about whether or not to undergo the surgery should be made after careful consideration and consultation with an orthopedic surgeon in Lucknow.
What is the Recovery Time for Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Recovery time for TKR varies from person to person depending on factors such as age, overall health, and the extent of the surgery. Typically, patients can expect to stay in the hospital for 1-3 days following the procedure. After leaving the hospital, patients will need to use crutches or a walker and participate in physical therapy to improve strength and range of motion. Most patients can return to normal activities within 3-6 months.
What are the Risks and Complications of Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Like any surgical procedure, TKR carries some risks and complications. These may include infection, blood clots, nerve damage, implant failure, and continued pain or stiffness. However, the risk of these complications is relatively low, and most patients experience a significant improvement in their knee function and quality of life after the surgery.
What is the Cost of Total Knee Replacement Surgery in India?
The cost of TKR in India can vary depending on several factors, such as the surgeon’s experience, the type of implant used, and the location of the surgery. In general, the cost of TKR in India ranges from Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 or more. However, the cost of the surgery may be covered by insurance or government health schemes, such as Ayushman Bharat, depending on the individual’s coverage and specific circumstances.
How Long Does a Total Knee Replacement Last?
The longevity of a total knee replacement depends on several factors, such as the patient’s activity level, weight, and overall health. In general, a TKR can last up to 15-20 years or more. However, in some cases, the implant may need to be replaced sooner due to wear and tear or other complications.
What is the Success Rate of Total Knee Replacement Surgery in India?
The success rate of TKR in India is generally very high. According to the Indian Orthopedic Association, more than 90% of patients who undergo the surgery experience a significant improvement in knee function and pain relief. However, the success of the procedure also depends on factors such as the patient’s overall health, adherence to post-surgical care, and the skill and experience of the surgeon.
What is the Difference between Partial and Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Partial Knee Replacement Surgery (PKR) is a less invasive procedure than TKR, in which only the damaged or arthritic part of the knee is replaced. In contrast, in TKR, the entire knee joint is replaced. PKR is a suitable option for patients who have only one part of the knee affected by arthritis or joint damage.
What Should I Expect During Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
During TKR, the patient will be given general or spinal anesthesia. The surgeon will make an incision in the knee, remove the damaged bone and cartilage, and replace it with an artificial joint. The surgery typically takes 1-2 hours, and the patient will be monitored in the recovery room before being taken to the hospital room.
How Can I Prepare for Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Preparing for TKR involves several steps, such as discussing the procedure with your orthopedic surgeon, undergoing pre-operative testing, and making necessary lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, losing weight, and improving nutrition. Patients may also need to make adjustments to their home environment, such as installing handrails and removing tripping hazards, to facilitate recovery. Additionally, patients will need to stop taking certain medications before the surgery, such as blood thinners, and arrange for transportation to and from the hospital.
Total Knee Replacement Surgery is a common and effective procedure that can improve the quality of life for individuals with advanced knee arthritis or joint damage. While the decision to undergo TKR should be made after careful consideration and consultation with an orthopedic surgeon, knowing the answers to commonly asked questions can help ease concerns and promote a successful outcome. By educating themselves about the procedure and preparing appropriately, patients can maximize their chances of a smooth and successful recovery.